Concussion is a specific type of traumatic brain injury that is typically associated by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Concussions can also occur due to a fall or impact to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly in a back-and-forth motion. While doctors sometimes describe concussions as a “mild” brain injury because they are typically non-fatal, the effects of a concussion can be quite serious.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are over 2.5 million emergency department (ED) visits per year related to concussions and traumatic brain injury. Based on ED visits, the leading causes of concussions are falls, car, truck and motorcycle accidents, being struck by an object, assaults and playing sports.
Most people that receive a concussion make a full recovery, but it is common for people to have symptoms that can last for days, weeks or a few months; however, for some people, symptoms can last even longer. Some concussion symptoms may appear right away, and others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury. In some cases, symptoms may not be fully realized until someone is back in their day-to-day routine or has an increase in stress. If it is suspected that you, or someone you know, has suffered a concussion, it is important to look for warning signs and seek medical attention.
Common concussion symptoms usually fall into four categories:
- Thinking & Processing Concussion Symptoms
Thinking and processing concussion symptoms are usually associated with trouble thinking clearly and concentrating, including feeling mentally “foggy,” difficulty remembering new or recent events, and a general feeling of slowness.
- Physical Concussion Symptoms
Physical concussion symptoms are usually associated with headaches, nausea and/or vomiting, dizziness, difficulties maintaining balance, blurry vision, fatigue or lack of energy, and sensitivity to bright lights or noise.
- Emotion-Based Concussion Symptoms
Emotion-based concussion symptoms are usually associated with sadness or depression, irritability and moodiness, nervousness or anxiety, and increased emotions.
- Sleep-Related Concussion Symptoms
Sleep-related concussion symptoms are usually associated with sleeping longer than normal, sleeping less than normal and having difficulty falling asleep.
In rare situations, a concussion can lead to serious or life-threatening conditions, typically as a result of a blood clot that can form on the brain, which compresses the brain against the skull. In these situations, it is critical to identify dangers signs after a bump, blow or jolt to the head in both adults and young children.
Contact a doctor or visit an emergency room immediately if you, or someone you know, have the following symptoms after an impact to the head:
- Numbness, noticeable weakness or decreased coordination
- Headache that becomes worse and does not subside
- Repeated vomiting or prolonged nausea
- Slurred speech
- Cannot be woken up from sleep or appears very drowsy
- Cannot recognize people or places
- One pupil is larger than the other
- Convulsions or seizures
- Increasingly more confused, restless or irritated
- Unusual behavior
- Loss of consciousness
Recovering from a concussion typically takes time, and can vary depending on factors such as the severity of the concussion, age of the person who received the concussion and overall health. It is important to rest after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal, even though a person may be eager to try and get back into their daily routine. It can be challenging to take the time to recover from a concussion, as well as avoid activities that could potentially cause another concussion, but it is necessary for long-term health.
People who suffered from a concussion caused by the negligent actions of someone else may be able to receive compensation for the damages caused by the concussion. Understanding the legal environment and potential issues involved in a brain injury claim can help with some of the physical, emotional and monetary challenges that may occur after a concussion and brain injury. If you, or someone you know, suffered a concussion and brain injury, it is important to contact the Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyers at William Rawlings & Associates. The consultation is free and we have a ZERO Fee Guarantee which means you pay nothing until we win or settle your case. We front all court and settlement costs so there are absolutely NO out of pocket expenses for you. We will also get you the expert and professional Medical attention you require.